For the past several years I have been supporting pre-service and inservice teachers with the use of the Claim, Evidence and Reasoning (CER) framework for scaffolding students’ writing and talking about scientific explanations and arguments. This framework provides a common language for discussing the elements of powerful explanations and arguments. It isn’t a formula to memorize but a framework for support and improvement.
I have used the following books in professional development and also in college courses I’ve taught. I highly recommend these:
Together these books provide a very clear and engaging look at how to use a Claim, Evidence, Reasoning (CER) framework to improve student writing and discourse in science. The CER framework can support not only science explanations but also the Common Core State Standards’ focus on using evidence and argumentation in math and English/Language Arts.
Over the years, I’ve developed some tools that could be useful for professional development providers, professional learning communities, and ultimately students who are engaging with a CER framework.
1. An activity for writing a scientific explanation of whether soap and fat are the same substance. This is directly from the first book with some added reflective questions for teachers. This could be used as an initial activity with teachers before revealing the CER framework. CER writing an explanation fat and soap
2. A set of 3 Formative Assessment Probes (based on Page Keeley’s work) to uncover student ideas about science explanations- the probes include a DRAFT facilitation guide. Feel free to improve these:
3. A video “think sheet” for participants to track their thinking while watching the first video clip from the book where a teacher introduces the CER framework to a class of 7th graders- introducing CER framework vid 2.1 think sheet
Please let me know if you have any revisions/changes/improvements to any of these documents. Hope these are helpful… enjoy.
I’ll add a few other resources in an upcoming post. What CER resources have you found most useful in your own work with students?
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OVERVIEW: My daughter Cece is 8 years old and the other day we were walking through a Barnes & Noble (yes they still have those!) and we saw a display for a picture book titled Cece Loves Science. She saw the display and said, “I DO love science!”
I’ve been using science and engineering related picture books for two decades- both with children and adult learners. I look forward to thinking about how I will use Cece Loves Science(by Kimberly Derting and Shelli R. Johannes, illustrated by Vashti Harrison) with the preservice and inservice teachers I support.
The picture book tells the story of young girl of color, Cece. who loves to ask questions and figure things out. In the story, Cece and her best friend, Isaac, are trying to figure out the best way to conduct an investigation involving her dog, Einstein.
PURPOSE: In the last few years we have seen a much-needed increase in the number of STEM-focused picture books with main characters representing populations who have traditionally been marginalized in STEM- females and people of color. Cece Loves Science is another resource to add to our toolbox that highlights the good thinking of young ladies and positions them as the determined problem-solvers that they are.
AUDIENCE: children, adults, educators, teacher educators, librarians
While we recently adopted the Next Generation Science Standards here in Washington (the state), we will still be operating our science assessment system under our 2009 Science Learning Standards for the next few years. This seems to have caused much confusion for folks. I’ve talked to several district and building leaders who thought that the Science MSPs and Biology EOC were being eliminated after this year.. not the case.
OSPI has recently uploaded the latest science assessment resources HERE. You will find:
Grade 5 Science Update: 2014 – NEW
Grade 8 Science Update: 2014 – NEW
Biology EOC Update: 2014 – NEW
Lessons Learned from Scoring Student Work: 2013 – NEW
The October 2013 issue of Science & Children (NSTA Elementary Science journal) is completely focused on engineering design. With the ongoing adoption and implementation of the Next Generation Science Standards there is a K-12 focus on engineering concepts. This issue has several interesting articles and activities to help us envision how engineering design in the NGSS is more than having student “build stuff”.
Check out two FREE articles from the issue below:
The Case for Early Education about STEM Careers (10 Science Facts & Fictions) was shared with me today at a meeting. This short document summarizes some interesting research on our knowledge and beliefs about scientists and science careers. This could be a useful piece for advocating for elementary science instruction or for use in science education professional development. Enjoy!
For the last 3 years I have been dabbling in Engineering Education. Most of the work has been at the awareness level- giving K-8 teachers (inservice and preservice) an introduction to the Engineering Design Process and helping them to think about how to identify and/or add some engineering tasks to their science instruction. With the release of the Next Generation Science Standards, we now have a strong driving force for intentional K-12 engineering education.
I have multiple projects in the 2013-14 school year that involve engineering education, so I am hoping to build up my own expertise on engineering in terms of engineering content, pedagogy, and professional development practices. Moving to a K-12 focus on engineering will be new for most of us. Below I have listed just a few of my favorite engineering resources (most of them FREE and perhaps lesser known) and have organized them by category. I’ll be posting on more individual resources in the coming weeks.
Overview of Engineering Education
Appendix I of NGSS– This is the cyclical 3 part Engineering Process we should be considering
“Core Ideas of Engineering and Technology” by Cary Sneider NSTA Article
Engineering Education K-12– a 2009 report
2009 Issue of the Bridge– Linking engineering and society (has some good articles about teaching and learning engineering)
Resources on Engineering PD
Elementary Teacher Professional Development in Engineering: Lessons Learned from Engineering is Elementary
Engineering Efforts and Opportunities in the National Science Foundation’s Math and Science Partnerships (MSP) Program
Learning and Teaching Science Through Engineering Design: Insights and Implications for Professional Development
Engineering Messaging– Provides statements and tools for making the case for engineering education
Resources for teaching about Engineering
K-5 Application (Design) Handbook
Those Darn Squirrels (Teaching Engineering with a Picture Book)
A World in Motion– Sources of FREE K-12 Design Challenges
PBS Design Squad
More to come 🙂
The Next Generation Science Standards contain a strong K-12 focus on climate science and this focus may be missing in some of our instructional materials. Planet Nutshell contains several short well produced educational video clips and they have a series of 11 videos on climate science. See What is Climate? embedded below. These could provide a useful supplement.